Warren & Wetmore architectural drawings and photographs, 1889-1938

Warren & Wetmore architectural drawings and photographs, 1889-1938.
.75 linear foot of papers
3394 photographs
332 drawings
(30 portfolio boxes, 28 phase boxes, 10 clamshell boxes 2 manuscript boxes, 1 flatfile drawer).
This material is arranged in five series: Project Records; Reference Files; Office Records; Professional Papers; and Personal Papers. The arrangement of materials within each series is described at the beginning of each series inventory.
Finding Aid
Finding aid available online. See Online Link.
This collection contains architectural photographs, drawings, and records related to the architectural projects and designs of Warren & Wetmore, principally in the United States, but also representing commissions in Canada, Cuba, and Puerto Rico. Unfortunately, the bulk of architectural drawings produced by the firm are no longer extant. Additionally, this collection holds a variety of photographs and other records used as reference materials in the course of Warren & Wetmore's professional work. Lastly, a small group of student and personal papers and photographs from Whitney Warren completes the collection.
Biographical / Historical Note
Architects Whitney Warren (1864-1943) and Charles D. Wetmore (1866-1941) are perhaps best known today for their monumental Beaux-Arts Grand Central Terminal in New York City (1904-1912). Their practice, however, included a diverse catalog of building types and architectural styles across the United States and internationally. Partners for more than three decades, their success was built on the far-reaching commercial and social networks that grew from the rapid growth of American cities during the Gilded Age, with long-standing commissions from many of America's most prominent businessmen and families. Educated in architecture at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris between 1887 and 1894, Whitney Warren maintained a life-long devotion to European classicism, especially in its French variants, and principles of Beaux-Arts planning. Shortly after returning from Paris, Warren's competition entry to design the Newport (Rhode Island) Country Club received first place, and his long career as an architect to New York's society began in earnest. With the subsequent commission for the New York Yacht Club's new headquarters in 1898, Warren invited Harvard-educated Charles Wetmore--lawyer, businessman, and real estate developer--to establish a joint partnership to complete the club and to undertake other architectural projects. From 1898 until retiring in 1931, Warren and Wetmore received multiple commissions from members of their prominent familal and social circles, as well as from leading hoteliers, transportation magnates, and developers, often sharing in the investment as stockholders.
In addition to Grand Central Terminal (in partnership with architects Reed & Stem) and the New York Yacht Club, among the firm's most significant commissions were expansions to the William K. Vanderbilt Estate, "Idle Hour" on Long Island; the Ritz, Vanderbilt, Ambassador and Biltmore hotels in Manhattan and across the United States, Canada, and the Caribbean; opulent Manhattan townhouses for relatives of the Vanderbilts and Astors; elite apartment buildings on Park Avenue and Fifth Avenue; country clubs and tennis and squash courts in Tuxedo Park, Long Island, South Carolina, and Massachusetts; and expansive estates in suburban New Jersey, the Hudson River Valley, and on Long Island. Other major commercial and institutional commissions included the Seamen's Church Institute, Steinway Hall, the Heckscher building, the New Aeolian Hall, and the Chelsea Piers complex, all in Manhattan. In the 1910s and 1920s, Warren & Wetmore were also deeply involved in designing railroad stations and terminals along the New York Central Line and for various Canadian railroad lines, an outgrowth of their association with Reed & Stem. After World War I, Whitney Warren also received considerable acclaim for his carefully conceived reconstruction of the war-damaged library for the University of Louvain in Belgium.
This collection is available for use by qualified readers by appointment in the Archives and Drawings' Reading Room, Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library at Columbia University. Collections maintained in off-site storage will be retrieved with advance notification only; for further details, please consult the Drawings and Archives staff. For further information and to make an appointment, please call (212) 854-4110.
Columbia University is providing access to the materials in the Library's collections solely for noncommercial educational and research purposes. The unauthorized use, including, but not limited to, publication of the materials without the prior written permission of Columbia University is strictly prohibited. All inquiries regarding permission to publish should be submitted in writing to the Director, Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library, Columbia University. In addition to permission from Columbia University, permission of the copyright owner (if not Columbia University) and/or any holder of other rights (such as publicity and/or privacy rights) may also be required for reproduction, publication, distributions, and other uses. Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of any item and securing any necessary permissions rests with the persons desiring to publish the item. Columbia University makes no warranties as to the accuracy of the materials or their fitness for a particular purpose.
Cite As
Warren and Wetmore architectural drawings and photographs, 1889-1938. Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library. Drawings and Archives Collection. Columbia University.
Warren, Whitney, 1864-1943.
Wetmore, Charles, 1887-1941.
Warren & Wetmore.
Elizabeth Arden Building (New York, N.Y.)
New Aeolian Hall (New York, N.Y.)
Aeolian Hall (New York, N.Y.)
Biltmore (Hotel : New York, N.Y.)
Broadmoor (Hotel : Colorado Springs, Colo.)
Commodore Hotel (New York, N.Y.)
Catedral de La Habana.
Chanin Building (New York, N.Y.)
Chrysler Building (New York, N.Y.)
Erlanger Theater (New York, N.Y.)
Detroit Terminal Station (Detroit, Mich.)
New York Times Building (New York, N.Y. : 43rd Street)
Eagle Buildings (New York, N.Y.)
Grand Central Palace (New York, N.Y.)
New York Yacht Club (New York, N.Y.)
Sing Sing Correctional Facility.
Steinway Hall (New York, N.Y.)
Grand Central Terminal (New York, N.Y.)
Moscow Railroad Terminal (Moscow, Soviet Union)
Columbia County Courthouse (Hudson, N.Y.)
Shanghai Hotel (Shanghai, China)
New Theatre (New York, N.Y.)
Seamen's Church Institute (New York, N.Y. : 1907-1960)
St. Paul's Cathedral (St. Paul, Minn.)
Woodlawn Cemetery (New York, N.Y.). Hornblower Mausoleum.
Ambassador Hotel (Atlantic City, N.J.)
Ritz-Carlton Hotel (New York, N.Y.)
908 Fifth Avenue (New York, N.Y.)
Université catholique de Louvain (1835-1969). Bibliothèque.
El Condado Trio (San Juan, P.R.)
Gran Hotel Condado Vanderbilt (San Juan, P.R.)
St. James Theater (New York, N.Y.)
Architectural photography.
Architecture > Michigan > Detroit.
Architecture > New York (State) > New York.
Architecture > Russia (Federation) > Moscow.
Architecture > Colorado > Colorado Springs.
Architecture > Québec (Province) > Montréal.
Architecture > Manitoba > Winnipeg.
Architects > United States.
Architecture, Domestic > New York (State) > New York.
Architecture, Domestic > New York (State) > Tuxedo Park.
Architecture, Domestic > Puerto Rico.
Buildings > New York (State) > New York.
Apartment houses > New York (State) > New York.
Commercial buildings > New York (State) > New York.
Public buildings > New York (State) > Hudson.
Prisons > New York (State) > New York.
Transportation buildings > New York (State) > New York.
Transportation buildings > Russia (Federation) > Moscow.
Railroad stations > United States.
Hotels > New York (State) > New York.
Hotels > Colorado > Colorado Springs.
Hotels > New Jersey > Atlantic City.
Stables > New York (State) > New York.
Theaters > New York (State) > New York.
Church architecture > Minnesota > Saint Paul.
Hotels > Puerto Rico > San Juan.
Seaside resorts > Puerto Rico > San Juan.
Tuxedo Park (N.Y.)
Chelsea Piers (New York, N.Y.)
Language Note
In English.
Manuscript/Archive Manuscript/Archive
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