Bertram Grosvenor Goodhue architectural drawings and papers, 1882-1980

Bertram Grosvenor Goodhue architectural drawings and papers, 1882-1980.
9.5 linear feet of papers.
1164 drawings.
54 photographs.
This material is arranged in eight series: Project Records, General; Church of the Heavenly Rest; Lloyd-Smith Residence; Nebraska State Capitol; Correspondence, General; Personal Papers; Whitaker Papers; and Additional Donations. The arrangement of materials within each series is described at the beginning of each series inventory.
This collection contains architectural drawings, photographs, business records and reference materials related to the projects and designs of Bertram Grosvenor Goodhue and his successor firm, Mayers, Murray & Philips, primarily in the New York City region. A large portion of the collection consists of personal and professional correspondence to and from Goodhue from the early 1900s until his death in 1926. Also of note in the "Additional Donations" series is a group of 19 photographic negatives of Goodhue's work in Tyrone, New Mexico, taken by architectural historian David Gebhard in December 1959.
Biographical / Historical Note
Bertram Grosvenor Goodhue was born on April 28, 1869, in Pomfret, Connecticut. Educated at Russell's Collegiate and Military Institute in New Haven from 1880-1883, where he was known among his classmates for skill in caricature and sketching. Without the financial means to attend college, Goodhue chose instead to seek an apprenticeship with an architectural firm in New York City. In 1884, he began as an assistant and novice draftsman in the office of Renwick, Aspinall and Russell, where he acquired an intensive, but largely self-directed, education in architectural design and production. Moonlighting after hours as a draftsman and designer, Goodhue became adept at highly detailed and atmospheric perspective renderings of extant structures and his own imaginative architecture.
In 1891, Goodhue was awarded a prestigious competition commission to design a cathedral in Dallas, Texas. Seeking collaborative assistance with this large project, Goodhue meet with Boston architects Ralph Adams Cram and Charles Francis Wentworth, who shortly offered him a full partnership in their firm. Although the cathedral remained unbuilt, Cram, Goodhue and Wentworth renamed Cram, Goodhue and Ferguson in 1898 received numerous commissions throughout the New England for ecclesiastical and civic buildings and residences in the English Gothic and Beaux-Arts styles. Both Goodhue and Cram were well known for associations and collaborations with noted artisans and craftsmen, particularly members of the Society of Arts and Crafts, Boston, with whom they frequently socialized. With the commission to design the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, in 1902, Goodhue returned to New York City to open a branch of CGF to more closely supervise design and construction at the site. From that office, Goodhue designed numerous other major buildings, including St. Thomas Church (New York, New York, 1905-1920); Rice University (Houston, Texas, 1909); the Chapel of the Intercession (New York, New York, 1910-1914); and the Panama-California Exposition (San Diego, California, 1911-1915).
Goodhue's business relationship with Cram and Ferguson was dissolved in 1913 and Goodhue became an independent architect, employing several dozen staff by the start of World War I. He continued to receive significant commissions, including the Church of St. Vincent Ferrer (New York, New York, 191-1918); Saint Bartholomew's Church (New York, New York, 1914-1919); California Institute of Technology (Pasadena California, 1915-1917); Rockefeller Chapel at the University of Chicago (Chicago, Illinois, 1918-1928); the Nebraska State Capitol (Lincoln, Nebraska, 1920-1932); and the Los Angeles Public Library (1921-1926). Although never formally trained in architectural idioms, Goodhue's work frequently referred to the Arts and Crafts movement and a vernacular aesthetic, often incorporating the work of talented craftsmen.
Increasingly reductivist and modern after World War I, Goodhue often integrated historicist Mediterranean and Indo-European aesthetics with classical massing to achieve a recognizable style of his own. Goodhue's commissions took him across the United States, and he traveled widely for business and pleasure after 1900, often to see architecture of other cultures and regions, which he sketched with great aplomb. In the spring of 1924, after a trip to Los Angeles, where he was involved in building the public library, Goodhue succumbed to a heart attack, just days before his fifty-fifth birthday. His ashes were interred in a church of his own design, the Chapel of the Intercession, in New York City, in a tomb designed by a long-time colleague, sculptor Lee Lawrie. After Goodhue's sudden death, his office was reorganized as Bertram Grosvenor Goodhue Associates to complete outstanding commissions. In 1931 the firm was renamed by its partners Mayers, Murray & Phillip, closing finally in 1940.
This collection is available for use by qualified readers by appointment in the Department of Drawings & Archives, Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library at Columbia University. Collections maintained in off-site storage will be retrieved with advance notification only; for further details, please consult the Drawings & Archives staff. For further information and to make an appointment, please call (212) 854-4110 or email
Columbia University is providing access to the materials in the Library's collections solely for noncommercial educational and research purposes. The unauthorized use, including, but not limited to, publication of the materials without the prior written permission of Columbia University is strictly prohibited. All inquiries regarding permission to publish should be submitted in writing to the Director, Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library, Columbia University. In addition to permission from Columbia University, permission of the copyright owner (if not Columbia University) and/or any holder of other rights (such as publicity and/or privacy rights) may also be required for reproduction, publication, distributions, and other uses. Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of any item and securing any necessary permissions rests with the persons desiring to publish the item. Columbia University makes no warranties as to the accuracy of the materials or their fitness for a particular purpose.
Cite As
Bertram Grosvenor Goodhue architectural drawings and papers, 1885-1926. Dept. of Drawings & Archives, Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library, Columbia University.
Also Listed Under
Alexander, Constance Grosvenor.
Anderson, C. Peake.
Bailey, Pearce, 1865-1922.
Baldwin, Ruth Ann.
Barber, Donn, 1871-1925.
Bragdon, Claude Fayette, 1866-1946.
Brewer, Cecil Claude, 1871-1918.
Brewer, Irene.
Brinton, Christian, 1870-1942.
Britton, Maurice.
Brown, Frank Chouteau, 1876-1947.
Bryant, James T.
Carroll, Marcus H.
Carson, J. M.
Clark, Kenneth.
Copeland, Herbert.
Cortissoz, Royal, 1869-1948.
Craig, James Osborne.
Cram, Ralph Adams, 1863-1942.
Croly, Herbert David, 1869-1930.
Cushman, Sarah E.
Darling, Frank.
Dater, Henry Murray, 1909-1974.
Denny, Herbert L.
Drury, Samuel S. (Samuel Smith), 1878-1938.
Durley, R. J.
Eldredge, William A.
Embury, Aymar, 1880-1966.
Field, William B. Osgood.
Fletcher, Ethel.
Foster, Nellis B.
Gennert, Henry G.
Gilbert, Cass, 1859-1934.
Gillespie, James Waldron.
Gillpatrick, Wallace, 1862-1925.
Githens, Alfred Morton, 1876-1973.
Goodhue, Edward Eldredge.
Goodhue, Eldredge.
Goodhue, Frances Satterlee.
Goodhue, Harry Eldredge.
Goodhue, Hugh Grosvenor Bryant.
Goodhue, Lydia A. Bryant.
Goodhue, Mary Louise.
Goodhue, Wells.
Goodhue, Wright.
Grey, Elmer, 1871-1962.
Grosvenor, Edith Louise.
Guérin, Jules Vallée, 1866-1946.
Hardenbergh, H. J. (Henry Janeway), 1847-1918.
Henderson, Harold Gould.
Hewitt, Mattie Edwards, 1869-1956.
Horne, Alderson B.
Horsfield, George W.
Howe, M. A. De Wolfe (Mark Antony De Wolfe), 1864-1960.
Hunt, Myron, 1868-1952.
Irwin, Beatrice.
James, George Wharton, 1858-1923.
Keith, J. C. M. (John Charles Malcolm), 1858-1940.
Kimball, Ingalls, 1874-1933.
Kirchmayer, Johannes, 1860-1930.
Lambert, Samuel W. (Samuel Waldron), 1859-1942.
Leete, Louise Grosvenor.
Léon, Maurice, 1880-
Lethaby, W. R. (William Richard), 1857-1931.
Ludlow, William S.
Macy, Valentine Everit, 1871-1930.
Maginnis, Charles Donagh, 1867-1955.
Manning, Warren H. (Warren Henry), 1860-1938.
Mathews, Charles Thompson, 1863-1934.
McBee, Silas, 1853-1924.
McClellan, Jessie T.
Mead, William Rutherford, 1846-1928.
Metcalf, Bryce, 1874-1951.
Meteyard, Thomas Buford, 1865-1928.
Meyer, Henry C. (Henry Coddlington), 1870-
Molesworth, Beatrice.
Moore, Henry Wadsworth.
Moore, John D.
Myers, Harvey, 1828-1874.
Newcomb, Edgar Allan Poe.
Nobbs, Percy E. (Percy Erskine), 1875-1964.
Olmsted, Frederick Law, 1870-1957.
Parker, Gilbert, 1862-1932.
Perry, James DeWolf.
Philbin, Thomas G.
Phillips, John S. (John Sanburn), 1861-1949.
Polk, Willis, 1867-1924.
Pond, Irving K. (Irving Kane), 1857-1939.
Poole, Ernest, 1880-1950.
Read, Mary Louise Goodhue.
Repplier, Francis Ewing.
Richards, Henry, 1848-1949.
Robb, E. Donald.
Root, Elihu, 1845-1937.
Ryerson, Martin A.
Ryerson, Martin W.
Sabine, Wallace Clement.
Schuyler, Montgomery, 1843-1914.
Scott, Giles Gilbert, Sir, 1880-1960.
Shaw, Howard Van Doren, 1869-1926.
Simon, Frank W.
Slade, Marshall P.
Spreckels, John Diedrich, 1853-
Stein, Clarence S.
Stokes, Leonard.
Stroonnicof, Basil T.
Sturgis, R. Clipston (Richard Clipston), 1860-1951.
Swartout, Egerton.
Tabor, Francis Hebard.
Tack, Augustus Vincent, 1870-1949.
Traquair, Ramsay, 1874-1952.
Tuckerman, Bayard, 1855-1923.
Turcas, Jules.
Updike, Daniel Berkeley, 1860-1941.
Van Kleeck, Ellen B.
Vaughan, Henry, 1845-1917.
Villard, Oswald Garrison, 1872-1949.
Warren, Herbert Langford, 1857-1917.
Weir, Julian Alden, 1852-1919.
Wheeler, E. S.
Whittaker, Charles Harris.
Whittlesey, Marie Bachman.
Winslow, Carleton Monroe, 1876-1946.
Woods, Joseph E.
Woodward, Fred J.
Yellin, Samuel, 1885-1940.
Cram, Goodhue, and Ferguson.
Goodhue family.
Mayers, Murray & Phillip.
Century Association (New York, N.Y.)
Neighborhood Music School (New York, N.Y.)
Peabody, Slosson & Smyth.
Pease & Elliman.
R. Guastavino Company.
Rambusch (Firm)
Language Note
In English.
Manuscript/Archive Manuscript/Archive
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