"For nearly 3,000 years, Mexico was the site of some of the most advanced Indian civilizations, most notably Aztec and Mayan. In many ways, these civilizations were more developed than their European contemporaries, especially in such spheres as astronomy, mathematics, and city planning. Upon seeing the Aztec capital, Tenochitlan, for the first time, Spanish explorer Bernal Diaz del Castillo was awed by its beauty and confessed that he had never seen a city in Spain that could match it. However, Diaz del Castillo's arrival coincided with that of Hernan Cortes, the Spanish explorer, who captured the Aztec capital in 1521. Since then, it has been known as Mexico City." "Mexico's struggle to become an independent country is chronicled in this second edition of Historical Dictionary of Mexico. Marvin Alisky covers the history of Mexico from the great Indian civilizations to the controversial election of Felipe Calderon in 2006 through a detailed chronology, and introduction, a map, a bibliography, and hundreds of cross-referenced dictionary entries on significant people, places, and events; institutions and organizations; and political, economic, social, cultural, and religious facets."--BOOK JACKET.